Mar 09

Ending domestic violence: agenda of International Women’s Day

Every 2 minutes a sexual assault occurs, with 44 percent of victims under 18 and 80 percent under 30
1 in 6 women are victims of sexual assault
1 in 3 women will be abused in the world
70% of women suffer from violence against them at some point in their lives
1 in 5 victims of violence from their partner

On Friday, March 8 is International Women’s Day, proclaimed by the United Nations Organization (UN) this year under the theme “Gender: Gaining Momentum”. The agenda, which is also the motto is: “A promise is a promise: time for action to end violence against women”. Violence against women is recognized as a universal problem.

This date is commemorated worldwide since its proclamation in 1975 as United Nations Day for Women’s Rights. Since then, on March 8 and in some countries throughout the week, we celebrate the progress in achieving rights for women. They also organize events to raise public awareness about the social problems that still threaten the human rights of women and the continuing struggle to achieve changes in social and legal systems.

At the World Conference on Human Rights of 1993, issued the Declaration of Elimination of Violence Against Women, recognizing domestic violence as a problem of public health policy and human rights. In addition to the statistics above, studies of the UN, the World Health Organization, RAINN (Rape, Abuse & Incest National Network) and the Division of Crimes Against Women of the Department of Justice of the United States indicate that:

1 in 5 women suffer sexual assault in college
1 in 9 are forced to have sex
1 in 10 are assaulted by someone intentionally emerging
1 in 6 are victims of attempted rape or completed rape
More than 80 percent of reported cases
93 percent of the perpetrators are not caught or prosecuted

Research on global social problem agree that violence against women is a matter of exercising power over women and continue perpetuating inequality of power between genders. Among the multiple risk factors to violence, are listed the low educational level, having witnessed violence and abuse between parents, having suffered domestic abuse and the cultural and psychological patterns to accept violence and gender inequality.

Precisely is currently under consideration by the U.S. Congress a new law on violence against women that aims to expand and improve the existing law.